Cantidades indefinidas e incompletas

Some y any pueden emplearse con nombres contables e incontables para describir una cantidad indefinida o incompleta.

Uso de "some"

Some puede utilizarse en oraciones descriptivas.

Ejemplos
  • I had some rice for lunch.
  • He got some books from the library.
  • I will have some news next week.
  • Philip wants some help with his exams.
  • There is some butter in the fridge.

Some también se usa en oraciones interrogativas cuando creemos conocer la respuesta. .

Ejemplos
  • Did he give you some tea? = Yo creo que sí.
  • Is there some fruit juice in the fridge? = Yo creo que sí.
  • Would you like some help? = Probablemente sí.
  • Will you have some roast beef? = Probablemente sí.

Some también se usa en oraciones interrogativas para solicitar u ofrecer algo.

Ejemplos
  • Could I have some books, please?
  • Why don't you take some apples home with you?
  • Would you like some tea?
  • Will you have some cake?

Uso de "any"

Any se usa en oraciones interrogativas cuando no conocemos la respuesta.

Ejemplos
  • Do you have any friends in London?
  • Do they have any children?
  • Do you want any groceries from the shop?
  • Are there any problems with your work?

Any también se usa con not para formar oraciones negativas. En ellas, any enfatiza la negación para hacerla más firme.

Examples
  • She doesn't want any kitchen appliances for Christmas.
  • They don't need any help moving to their new house.
  • I don't want any cake.
  • There isn't any reason to complain.